This special VAT arrangement is characterized by the absence of output VAT (except in case of import, EU acquisition or reversal of taxable person). Since there is no output VAT, input VAT cannot be deducted. In order to neutralize the impact of output VAT, there is a flat-rate compensation in every operating sale: 12% for agriculture operations and 10,5% for livestock and fisheries operations. This percentage is applied to sale price of products or services, excluding indirect taxes.
It is applicable to the owners of agricultural, livestock, forestry or fishing farms that had not opted out this scheme, unless they had ceded the farm or were in an integrated livestock regime.
It is not applicable to activities of transformation, processing of manufacturing of natural products, sale of own products mixed with others acquired from third parties (unless they are mere preservatives), sale of products outside the farm, sports and recreational activities, sea fishing, independent livestock and accessory services that are not included in the scheme.
Trade, cooperative and agricultural processing companies can not use this special arrangement. Self-employed whose turnover in this special scheme has exceeded €250,000 in the previous year and self-employed whose turnover in other VAT arrangements had exceeded €250,000 in the previous year cannot apply it either.
WAIVER TO VAT AGRICULTURAL ARRANGEMENT
Taxpayers may waive to this special arrangement by delivering a form 036 or 037 to the Spanish Tax Office. The waiver has a minimum validity of 3 years. A taxpayer who practices a deduction of input VAT is understood to have resigned tacitly to this special arrangement.
The refund of the flat-rate compensation (12% or 10,5%, as explained above) must be paid by the recipient of goods or services. However, in case of exports, EU operations and operations provided to recipients who are established outside the territory of application oft he tax, it is made by the Public Treasury.
BEGIN OR END OF THE SPECIAL ARRANGEMENT
When an activity changes from general to special VAT scheme, the owner is obliged to pay the compensation corresponding to future deliveries of natural products already existent on the date of change.
When an activity changes from special to general VAT scheme, the owner will have the right to deduct input VAT corresponding to operating goods affected to the activity on the date of change.