UNIT 1: PRESENT SIMPLE AND CONTINUOUS

Present simple and continuous

 

We use present simple for things that are always true or happen regularly.

Remember the spelling rules for third person singular, e.g. studies, lives, watches.

Use ASI (Auxiliary, Subject, Infinitive) or QUASI (Question word, Auxiliary, Subject, Infinitive) to help you with word order in questions. Do you know David? What time does the film start?

We often use the preent simple with adverbs of frequency, e.g. usually, never, or expressions of frequency, e.g. every day, once a week.

Adverbs of frequency go before the main verb and after be.

Expressions of frequency usually go at the end of the sentence or verb phrase.

 

Present continuous: be + verb + ing


We use the present continuous (not the present simple) for actions in progress at the tie of speaking, e.g. things that are happening now and around now. These are normally temporary, not habitual actions.

Remember the spelling rules, e.g. living, studying, getting.

We also use the present continuous for future arrangements.

 

Action and non action verbs:


Verbs which describe actions, e.g. cook, make, can be used in the present simple or continuous. I’m making the lunch.

Verbs which describe states or feelings (not actions), e.g. love, need, be… are non action verbs. They are not usually used in the present continuous, even if we mean “how”.

Common non action verbs are: agree, be, believe, belong, depend, forget, hate, heat, know, like, love, matter, mean, need, prefer, realize, recognize, remember, seem, suppose.

 




 

 

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